1. aistesis = perception.  Occurs only in Phil. 1:9, where A.V. reads "sense" in the margin and R.V. reads "discernment".

  2. gnome, from ginosko (Ap. 132, ii) = opinion, the result of knowledge.  Occurs nine times:  translated "purposed" in Acts 20:3; "judgment" in 1Cor. 1:10; 7:25, 40; "advice" in 2Cor. 8:10; "mind" in Philem. 14; Rev. 17:13; "will" in Rev. 17:17; and (with a verb) "agree" in Rev. 17:17.

  3. dikatoma = that which is deemed right or just (dikaios).  Occurs ten times:  translated "judgment" in Rom. 1:32; Rev. 15:4; elsewhere "ordinance", righteousness", and once "justification" (Rom. 5:16)

  4. dike = right, as established custom or usage, hence a suit at law, penalty, vengeance.  Occurs four times:  translated "judgment" in Acts 25:15; "vengeance" in Acts 28:4; Jude 7; and "punished" in 2Thess. 1:9 (see R.V.)

  5. hemera = day, rendered "judgment" in 1Cor. 4:3 (see A.V. marg.).

  6. krima = This and the two following words are akin to the verb krino (Ap. 122. 1).  Krima occurs twenty-eight times, and is rendered "judgment", "damnation", or "condemnation", save in Luke 24:20;  1Cor. 6:7; and Rev. 18:20, where see notes.

  7. krisis = a separating, a judgment, especially of judicial proceedings.  Our English word "crisis" means a turning point.  The word occurs forty-eight times:  translated "damnation" (Matt. 23:33; Mark 3:29; John 5:29), "condemnation" (John 3:19; 5:24), "accusation" (2Pet. 2:11; Jude 9), and everywhere else "judgment".

  8. kriterion = the place, or means of judgment.  It occurs three times (1Cor. 6:2, 4; James 2:6)  This word we have also adopted into the English language as a "standard" for judging.

Appendix List

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