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prophets: "For the Scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on Him shall not be ashamed"
(Rom. 10: 11).
Moses, the Psalms and Isaiah are quoted in the remainder of Rom. 10: in proof of the
fact that "faith cometh by hearing", and that the extension of the gospel to the Gentile
was intended to provoke Israel to jealousy.
Coming now to I Corinthians, we find the preaching of the cross confirmed by
quotations from Isaiah and Jeremiah:
"That accordingly as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord" (I Cor. 1: 31).
In I Cor. 5: Christ is spoken of as "our Passover" and in I Cor. 15: as "the
Firstfruits". Both of these terms refer back to the law of Moses.
In I Cor. 15: 3, 4 the Apostle affirms:
"I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for
our sins, according to the Scriptures; and that He was buried, and that He rose again the
third day, according to the Scriptures."
The Epistle to the Galatians insists upon the fact that the gospel is entirely in harmony
with the O.T. Scriptures:
"The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the nations through faith, preached
before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed" (Gal. 3: 8).
"The Scripture hath concluded all under sin that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ
might be given to them that believe" (Gal. 3: 22).
The Epistle to the Hebrews is in some measure outside the present enquiry. Being
written to the Hebrews, we naturally expect an appeal to be made to the Old Covenant
Scriptures. Nevertheless, it is significant that, while the Apostle sets aside the Old
Covenant with its ceremonies and sacrifices that did not touch the conscience, he quotes
the prophets for the bringing in of the New Covenant (Heb. 8:) and cites the fact that
the tabernacle which was erected by Moses was an earthly copy of the pattern shown to
him in the mount:
"Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was
admonished of God when He was about to make the tabernacle; for, See, saith He, that
thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount" (Heb. 8: 5).
We will not, however, pursue this investigation further. So far as our present purpose
is concerned there is no controversy with regard to this epistle, which, by its very theme,
is an expansion of O.T. type and shadow, and raises no problems in connection with
Gentile admission or hope. At the moment we are concerned with how far Paul's words
uttered in defence before Agrippa are true and binding with reference to the teaching of
his early epistles as the apostle of the Gentiles. This subject we must take up in its
different aspects in subsequent studies. Meanwhile we believe that there will be full