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Volume 20 - Page 34 of 195 Index | Zoom | |
Exod. 23: speaks of a feast of harvest, as distinct from the feast of the sunteleia. The
answer is suggested by the presence of the word "firstfruits", and by the particular kind of
harvest in view--"which thou hast sown in the field". A reference to Exod. 34: 22,
however, makes all plain: "Thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of thy
wheat harvest, and the feast of the ingathering at the year's end."
Now, the disciples being Jews and taught in the law, knew the order of their feasts and
much of their typical nature. Unless the reader has definitely studied the feasts of Israel
he is at a disadvantage here, and before we can hope to appreciate the teaching of
Matt. 24:, we must supply the deficiency. There is one chapter in the law that sets out
the feasts of Israel in their order, namely, Lev. 23:, and to that we must turn.
The feasts of the Lord.
The sabbaths (Lev. 23: 1-3). The first of the feasts to be mentioned is the weekly
sabbath. This underlies the whole of God's dealings with Israel. There are the following
of seven days (Lev. 23: 3).
of seven weeks (Lev. 23: 15).
of seven months (Lev. 23: 34).
of seven years (Lev. 25: 2-7).
of seven seven years (Lev. 25: 8-17).
of seventy years (Dan. 9: 2), and finally the
of seventy times seven (Dan. 9: 24),
in which the whole purpose of God for Israel shall be accomplished.
This emphasis is too insistent to be avoided. Underlying the whole history of Israel is
this sabbatic element. From verse 4 of Lev. 23: feasts "in their seasons" are recorded,
which also conform to the sabbatic character. We have, in verse 5, the feast of the first
month detailed, and in verses 34 and 39 that of the seventh month described. Between
these two all the other feasts are found, so that while Israel's year had twelve months,
with an intercalary thirteenth month at intervals, its typical year took note only of seven
of these months.
We must now tabulate the feasts in order to place the sunteleia:--
THE SABBATH.--Impressing the character of Israel's typical history (See
Heb. 4: 9, Greek).
THE PASSOVER.--Redemption, "out of".
THE UNLEAVENED BREAD.--The sheaf waved (Lev. 23: 10).
PENTECOST.--Two wave loaves. Fifty days. Jubilee anticipated.
* * * * * * *
FEAST OF TRUMPETS.--Joel 2: 1 and 15; I Cor. 15: 52.
THE DAY OF ATONEMENT.--Repentance (Lev. 23: 29).
Reconciliation and access.
TABERNACLES.--The sunteleia. Harvest and ingathering.
The eighth day stressed (Lev. 23: 39).